The Tepezcohuite tree, which is Mimosa tenuiflora’s popular name in Mexico, is connected with several advantages. Tepezcohuite Bark is a standard component for skincare products and was utilized in numerous traditional medical formulations. Fully understand Mimosa tenuiflora’s pharmacognosy will allow us to identify the medicinal or cosmetic characteristics of its components.
Seydler, a German botanist, created the term pharmacognosy to denote the study of chemical substances that may be derived from natural sources. It focuses on the medical applications of these chemical compounds. It is a discipline whose main principles are arguably as old as civilization itself since the use and study of naturally extracted chemical substances are found in many ancient cultures.
Pharmacognosy is the scientific and chemical evolution of “ethnobotany.” Ethnobotany is the study of traditional medicine used by shamans and village doctors of many ethnic and indigenous groups. These ethnic groups would frequently test various extracts from plants and animals to see if they had any positive or harmful effects on the human body. In contrast to shamans, modern pharmacognosy utilizes a wide range of technical equipment and advanced techniques to extract and identify chemical compounds present in plants and animals.
Which are the chemical substances found in Mimosa tenuiflora?
The Tepezcohuite tree, also known as Mimosa tenuiflora in Mexico, has many health advantages. Tepezcohuite bark is a frequent component in skincare products and has been utilized in many traditional medicine formulations. Understanding the Mimosa tenuiflora pharmacognosy will help us figure out which chemicals are medicinally or aesthetically helpful. As a result, we’ll be able to isolate these essential components and incorporate them into goods so that customers may get the full benefits of the Mimosa tenuiflora tree.
The following is a brief overview of some of the chemicals present in Mimosa tenuiflora and their recognized effects and possible applications. This is by no means a complete list, and we will continue to enhance and update it as new information becomes available.
Due to their psychedelic properties, indole alkaloids have attracted a lot of interest. Conversion of the amino-acid tryptophan produces these compounds in plants and animals. Serotonin is a neuromodulator generated by humans and is an indole alkaloid. Mimosa tenuiflora may also be used to extract serotonin.
Mimosa tenuiflora root bark may also be used to extract serotonin. Unlike DMT, serotonin’s involvement in brain physiology is more well understood. This neurotransmitter is present in the brain and is involved in sleep and wakefulness, cognitive flexibility, and the neuromodulation of pleasant emotions and moods. Furthermore, this chemical influences the human body that is not limited to the brain since it may also affect the cardiovascular and digestive systems.
Since Serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SERTs) are undoubtedly some of the most effective anti-depressants, this is likely the most researched component of serotonin. SERTs are chemicals that assist in controlling mood by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin extracted from Mimosa tenuiflora might likely be employed for scientific and research reasons in the future.
The bark of Mimosa tenuiflora’s root is used to extract DMT. Because of its powerful hallucinogenic properties, this chemical has piqued the curiosity of both scientists and recreational users. It’s also used in shamanic and religious ceremonies. According to studies, DMT poses modest toxicity concerns, except acute cardiovascular effects (increased heart rate and blood pressure). Nonetheless, it is a potent drug capable of producing strong emotions of dread, paranoia, and anxiety in the user, all of which can have immediate and long-term psychological consequences.
DMT is present in low amounts in human brain tissue, although its exact role in brain function is unknown. The lungs and adrenal glands, rather than the brain, are considered to generate it. It is known to bind to a range of brain receptors, including serotonin, dopamine, acetylcholine, and glutamate receptors, as it enters the brain. All of these receptors are involved in behavior, emotion, and/or different states of consciousness.
Yuremamine (derived from the indigenous term “Yurema” -also spelled as Jurema- for the Mimosa tenuiflora tree in Brazil) was first identified and isolated from the Mimosa tenuiflora stem bark in 2005, making it one of the newest compounds found in the Mimosa tenuiflora tree. A recent study published in 2015 suggested that Yuremamine may not be an indole alkaloid at all but rather a flavoalkaloid.
Flavonoids are a broad category of plant chemicals with potent antioxidant effects. There are up to six different types of flavonoids, each with unique structural and pharmacological capabilities; anthocyanins (also known as tannins) are a well-known category of flavonoids with outstanding antioxidant qualities. Aside from being anti-oxidants, some flavonoids have been found to have high phytotoxic characteristics (Chalcones) as well as anti-inflammatory and anti-protozoal capabilities.
The Mimosa tenuiflora plant has already yielded over a dozen distinct kinds of flavonoids. Despite their enormous potential, little is known about their pharmacological effects.
Tenuiflorin A, B, and C, kukulkan A & B, and Santina are only a handful of the flavonoids isolated from the Mimosa tenuiflora tree.
Saponins are a kind of chemical that is commonly found in plants. They have structural similarities with glycosides (sugars), but their pharmacological effects differ considerably. Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-parasitic, anti-viral, and anti-tumor characteristics are examples of such properties. As a result, saponins are commonly employed in the manufacture of soaps and detergents. Still, they have also been utilized and researched by the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries due to their aforementioned potentially beneficial characteristics. Traditional Chinese medicine, which emphasizes the utilization of naturally occurring plant chemicals and derivatives, may owe many of its biological benefits to saponins contained therein.
Saponins are classified into two groups: steroidal saponins and triterpenoid saponins. Mimosa tenuiflora has yielded three different steroidal saponins and four triterpenoid saponins to date.
Campesterol-, stigmasterol- and beta-sitoserol-3-0-beta-D-glucopyranosyl (Steroidal Saponins)
In 1993, three different steroidal saponins were isolated from the stem bark of Mimosa hostilis. To the best of our knowledge, no study on the specific pharmacological effects of any of these steroidal saponins has been conducted. Previous research on comparable (but not identical) campesterol and stigmasterol compounds have shown possible angiogenic and anti-carcinogenic effects (campesterol), as well as anti-osteoarthritic characteristics (campesterol) (stigmasterol). However, no information on the potential pharmacological impacts of beta-sitoserol-3-O-beta-glucopyrnosyl could be found.
Mimonosides A, B & C and Lupeol (Triterpenoid Saponins)
The mimonoside saponins got their name since they were discovered in the Mimosa tenuiflora tree. They exhibit immunomodulatory characteristics as well as the capacity to promote the proliferation of cultured mouse cells. Although it is hypothesized that these saponins have a role in the skin-healing effects of Mimosa tenuiflora extract, this has yet to be scientifically proven.
Mimosa tenuiflora is an excellent source of fuelwood and works well for constructing posts, owing to its high tannin content (16%), which protects it against decay. The bark of the tree is frequently utilized as a natural dye and in the manufacture of leather due to its high tannin content. It is being used in the construction of bridges, houses, fences, furniture, and wheels. It is a good source of charcoal, and at least one research has been conducted to determine why.
The tree’s therapeutic qualities make it beneficial in treating domestic animals. A solution of the leaves or bark can also be used to bathe animals to keep parasites at bay. Because the tree retains the majority of its leaves during the dry season, it provides valuable shade to animals and plants at that period.
Mimosa tenuiflora, like other plants in the Fabaceae family, fertilizes the soil with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The tree is beneficial in terms of soil erosion and reforestation. The tree is a good source of forage food for animals, supplying protein and other nutrients.